Independence movements which began in the Portuguese colonies in Africa following World War II were suppressed by Portuguese military force until 1975. The 1974 military coup in Portugal was in part sparked by the desire to withdraw from the African colonies, particularly Angola where there had been 14 years of war.
This photo shows the 2º Grupo de Combate (2nd Combat Group) of CCAÇ 2739, part of Batalhão de Caçadores 2919 (Battalion of Hunters 2919) of the Portuguese Army. The picture was taken in the early 1970's while the unit was stationed in Cabinda, an area on the Atlantic coast of Angola, isolated from the rest of the country. In the background is a CJ-3B Jeep and a larger truck.
See also a photo of an unidentified group of Portuguese soldiers posing with their Willys Jeep truck (70K JPEG) which appears to be a command and communications vehicle.
This photo from the Arquivo Digital photo database in Portugal, is part of the collection of Dr. Moura Favour who was in the driver's seat of this Jeep when the picture was taken in March 1973 near Quimbele, some 300 miles inland from Cabinda. The other three officers are Second Lieutenants Virgilio, Valle and Oliveira.
The Jeep appears to be a post-1962 Willys CJ-3B, since it has the T-handle parking brake high on the dash.
Second Lieutenant Oliveira, of 3 Company of the Batalhão de Caçadores 4511, has the same Jeep again in this April 1973 photo taken near the Futa River in Quimbele. According to Moura Favour it's the Captain's Jeep. With his red hair and glasses, Oliveira stands out a bit from the rest of the Portuguese soldiers, and in his shorts here he manages as usual to seem a little out of place.
Thanks to Angelo Benevides for identifying the "RMA" marking as an acronym for "Região Militar de Angola", or Angola Military Region.
But Oliveira didn't spend all of his time joyriding in the Jeep. Here he's seen in May 1973 during a 3 Company operation in the Quitari area, with Captain Alves, and in the foreground, Furriel Galvão who supplied the photo.
Enrique Oliveira took this picture in the nearby regional capital of Sanza Pombo. Maybe the Jeep parked in front of the building housing the battalion headquarters, is the same RMA Jeep seen above. But is that a Land Rover in front of the Officer's Mess?
Another Land Rover, in this undated photo courtesy of journalist Vicente Talon Ortiz. This border post of Portuguese Angola is reportedly at San Antonio De Zaire. near the Congo River separating Angola and Congo.
Portugal abruptly withdrew from its African colonies in 1975. But unprepared for nationhood and saddled with poverty and violent political factions, Angola faced many more years of fighting. With the Soviet Union and Cuba supporting the Marxist MPLA government, and the United States and South Africa supporting the anticommunist UNITA, the country became a cold war battleground. Despite international support for negotiations in the 1990's, UNITA continued to fight the government until 2002.
Thanks to Pierre Joubert, Moreno Colcheta, the photographers, and the Arquivo Digital. -- Derek Redmond
See also Army Adapts to Guerilla War -- Willys CJ-3Bs in Angola, 1961.
Return to CJ-3Bs in History.
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