The "Farm Jeep" series of serial numbers in the 1953 and 1954 model years, had the prefix 453GC2 to distinguish them from the standard 453GB2 serial numbers of theCJ-3B.
Kaiser-Willys brochure KW-1706 was a large 1953 folding brochure entitled "Jeep Farm Power." It features many photos of CJ-3A Jeeps at work with agricultural equipment (160K JPEG), and several photos of the new CJ-3B. The largest illustration (left) shows a 3B with implement lift. The Farm Jeep specifications also list a governor and engine-driven gear-type Pesco hydraulic pump as standard. The PTO (Power Take-Off) is listed as optional at extra cost.
Some excerpts from the brochure text:
"Row crop cultivation: You can get over the ground fast without packing the soil. The Farm Jeep and rotary hoe allow you to work row crops early, doing 40 to 60 acres a day safely with operating speeds up to 12 m.p.h."
"Belt power: With its brakes locked, the Farm Jeep holds steady as a rock as it delivers in excess of 30 horsepower on the pulley."
"Comfort: Heavy-duty springs, double-acting shock absorbers and a cushioned seat with back rest help you feel fresher at the end of the day. Folding windshield can be raised for protection against wind, dust and rain or lowered on top of the hood when not needed. Closed cab and heater are optional equipment, available at extra cost."
The brochure also includes an underside illustration showing four-wheel-drive and power take-off (160K JPEG), and refers to the Jeep as "Nebraska Tested" (see below), citing OfficialTractor Test No. 432, in which a CJ-3A had apparently been tested in 1949.
According to Willys-Overland Production Figures, only 77 of the CJ-3B "Farm Jeeps" were produced before they were discontinued as a separate model. Willys continued to sell the 3B to farmers, however. Even after theintroduction of the new CJ-5 for 1955, the economy-model 3B continued to appealto people who spent their money carefully.
This 1954 Jeep was outfitted by Frank J. Colton for bucking hay on his ranch in Oregon. (See Field and Stream on CJ3B.info for more photos.)
This photo taken circa 1955, shows Bob Harris' Woodstock Green 1953 Jeep pulling a disc harrow in Tennessee, with Tommy Vandergriff at the wheel. Bob added the toolbox on the front bumper, the Mack bulldog on the hood, and the mudflaps made from rubber conveyor belting used in the Kentucky coal mines. Bob traded in his '46 CJ-2A for the 3B, which he later sold. Unfortunately this is the only photo he has of the Jeep.
The photo on the left, and the subtitle of this page -- "The first thing out in the morning, last in at night" -- were taken froma full-page Jeep ad (85KGIF) in the February 1954 issue of Successful Farming magazine. The ad features Harold Bordner of Weston, Ohio, describing his use of a CJ-3B on his farm "Black Swamplands".
This view of the Monroe hydraulic implement lift and three-point hitch is taken from the 1956 CJ-3B Parts List.
Glenn Byron in Maine found a mimeographed price list of agricultural equipment (35K GIF) tucked into his 1954 JeepSpecialized Equipment catalogue. He comments, "It is undated but may give you an idea what that oddball implement for your CJ-3B cost from the factory and what the dealer soldit for. I know the land plow was built by Newgren Co. of Hillsdale, Michigan as thedata tag on my 3-point hitch land plow says that. Willys had suppliers allover create some of this weird stuff."
Jeeps at work on farms across America: that was one of Willys-Overland'sdreams at the end of World War II, and they marketed the Jeep as theideal combination of small truck and small tractor for farmers. The first prototype civilian Jeeps in 1944-45 were known as Agrijeeps. See also Preproduction Civilian Jeeps.
Beginning in 1951 an official"Farm Jeep" version of the CJ-3A was created, and a stripped-down version called the Jeep Tractor (100K JPEG) was also introduced, with no windshield or headlights. Willys-Overland Production Figures suggest none of these "FJ" or "JT" Jeeps were actually produced in 1951 or 52, although Leon Hackett has found a Jeep with serial number 451GC1 10001 (130K JPEG) which might be the only actual 3A-style "FJ" Farm Jeep in existence.
In 1953, The CJ-3B Farm Jeep was the subject of Test No. 502 in a series of Tractor Tests at the University of Nebraska College of Agriculture. (See also the earlier 1949 Nebraska Tractor Test of the CJ-3A on The CJ-3A Information Page.)
The test report, a formal document signed by three members of the"Board of Tractor Test Engineers," records the data from a series ofhorsepower tests while driving a belt or pulling a drawbar. Speed,torque and fuel consumption are among the items measured, in addition to horsepower. Observed maximum belt horsepower is listed as 35.23, and observed maximum drawbar horsepower as 25.40 (the Jeep was moving at 4.11 miles per hour with 8.32% wheel slippage at the time).
The photo shows one of the drawbar tests. The description of thetests says, "The pull exerted by the tractor is transmitted by ahydraulic pressure cylinder to a recording instrument in the test car. All tests are made on the same dirt test course which is maintained bygrading, sprinkling and rolling so that it remains very nearly the samethroughout the season."
See the complete results of theNebraska Tractor Test (270K JPEG), and an explanation of the test report(80K GIF).
Ron Ingram of Charlestown, Indiana has a 1961 CJ-3B, with rear PTO and a Stratton hydraulic 3-point hitch, in almost daily use on his farm.
Seen here, Ron is using the Jeep to frost seed clover onto a winter pasture. Theseeder is mounted on the 3-point hitch and is operated from the PTO. Ron hauls extra seed in the Jeep's cargo area to refill the seeder.
For more action photos, and details of the Jeep and its optional equipment, see A Day With a Farm Jeep.
Thanks to Ron Ingram, who also provided the Nebraska Tractor Test report, and Steve Chabot who provided the 1953 brochure. -- Derek Redmond
See 1953 Farm Journal Ads on CJ3B.info.
See also John Ittel's Farm Jeeps in Universal Farming in Ohio.
Return to Universal Jeeps or to CJ-3B Advertising and Literature. Elsewhere on the web, see the Farm Jeep page, and Willys Farm Jeep and Jeep Tractor on the CJ-3A Information Page. Visit CJ3B.info on Facebook.
Elsewhere on the web, see the Farm Jeep page, and Willys Farm Jeep and Jeep Tractor on the CJ-3A Information Page.
Visit CJ3B.info on Facebook.
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