Jeep fire engines were tested as early as 1945, and a small number were sold as "factory" units up until 1961 (with their own series of Willys serial numbers starting in 1955; see Willys-Overland Production Figures 1945-61). Most of the units sold through Willys dealers were apparently converted by Howe Fire Apparatus of Anderson, Indiana, and Boyer Fire Apparatus of Logansport, Indiana.Other companies building fire apparatus on Jeep chassis included:
This historically significant photo from the collection of Thomas Engle, was taken on 16 May 1946 by Acme Newspictures for United Press Newspictures. It shows what is certainly one of, if not the earliest, CJ-2A Fire Engine.
It's apparently a delivery photo of a unit built on a very early 1946 CJ-2A Jeep, posed beside a 1940 Mack Model E pumper (40K JPEG) in the Chicago Fire Department's red and black livery.
Jeffrey Smoker points out that the Mack is also a pretty rare piece of apparatus; it's a Type 45U cab-over-engine squad, with a large deck gun. Only 17 were made, and Chicago bought 12 of them including 10 in 1940, as well as some Autocar COE squads.
Luckily another photo, probably from the same photo shoot, has also survived. The Jeep is parked outside Berg Truck & Parts Co., known in Chicago as "The King of Jeeps." Would Berg have supplied the Jeep to the Chicago FD? This shot gives us a better view of the rear of the Jeep.
The Jeep has a Darley Champion pump, but the side-mounted suction hose and the design of the ladder rack and rear storage is similar to the 1945 CJ-2 Fire Jeep built by American Marsh Pumps. Any further details on this Jeep and where the conversion was done, is welcome.
This photo was taken during a live burn demonstration in Berkey, Ohio, in 1946. Richard Janney, now of Michigan, was present as a young boy with his dad, fireman M.H. Janney.
The full photo (230K JPEG) appears to show young Richard in the trees to the right, and "Berkey Fire Dept." is painted on the Jeep. Chief William Farley monitors the pump which feeds two hand lines.
The Jeep has open side compartments and a narrow overhead rack, similar to the Chicago Jeep, but the rack also has brackets for the suction hose. Warning lights are mounted on the front supports for the rack, and a siren on the cowl.
The 1955 catalogue of Jeep Vehicles in Public Service includes another photo, apparently taken earlier as the firefighters used the ladder to vent the roof. Again it looks like Richard is watching in the background.
The Volunteer Fire Department at the time was housed in the garage of Mr. Janney's store in Berkey, a village just west of Toledo. This live burn was staged as part of the Berkey VFD's evaluation of the Jeep, on loan from Willys-Overland.
The 1949 Willys booklet Jeep Operation Data (130K JPEG) also contains this small photo of the event, showing the creek the Jeep is drafting from.
Another photo shows five volunteers on board as the Jeep drives across the creek.
A shot of the Jeep in the creek from The Jeep in Industry was slightly retouched by hand.
And when Jeep Vehicles in Public Service used that photo again in 1955, it had been much more heavily retouched to look like a CJ-5 (50K JPEG) with one more firefighter hanging on the side!
Chief Farley sent Willys a letter describing his department's 1946 evaluation, including the comment that "the creek bottom was a sea of mud but even on the last trip through there was no hesitation." He found the Jeep "ready and efficient in every respect." This letter was later reproduced in a Willys promotional booklet found by Dave Eilers of eWillys.
It's not clear whether the test Jeep was given to the Berkey VFD in exchange for their enthusiasm, or perhaps offered to them at a discount price, but they kept it for many years.
Note that it was still being referred to as the "Jeep Fire Truck", a name that was soon changed to "Jeep Fire Engine", probably to avoid confusion with the larger Willys Commando Fire Truck.
The same column-shift 1945 CJ-2A was in service in Berkey for the Richfield Township Fire Dept. until 2007. The overhead rack was apparently cut off, the suction hose supports moved back down, and a large siren mounted on the front. The Jeep probably became exclusively a brushfire unit, not requiring a ladder, and a pre-connect for the booster line runs back along the suction hose brackets. It was photographed by Bob Christy at the 2016 Toledo Jeepfest.
The first advertising brochure was a large, 6-page folder which invoked Jeep's wartime reputation. It also still used the "Fire Truck" name, so it may have been prepared as early as late 1946. It showed the configuration which became standard for the next two decades, with a tubular steel overhead rack and handrails, and covered accessory storage on the sides. See more of the brochure in Jeep Fire Equipment Literature.
This booklet titled "A Year's Progress" was given out during "Institutional Day" on 15 October 1947, when hundreds of VIP's were invited to visit the Willys-Overland plant. One page is a "Calendar of Events" (60K JPEG) listing corporate achievements since October 1946. An entry for 10 March 1947 states "Jeep Fire Engine introduced."
This would indicate that early examples such as the Jeeps tested in Chicago and Berkey, were actually pre-production models. The March 1947 "introduction" may mark the adoption of the final standardized design.
Thanks to Bill Norris for scanning the booklet at the Detroit Public Library.
Gary Urbanowicz found a photo showing a CJ-2A Jeep Fire Engine with the standard overhead rack, supplying two hose lines at an industrial location. There are other Jeep vehicles in the background, and I suspected this was a demonstration by the fire brigade at the Parkway Jeep plant in Toledo, since there is no sign of an actual fire.
A shot from the opposite angle includes the same pump operator, wearing a normal hard hat rather than a fire helmet, and the building seen in the background confirms the location as the Toledo factory.
An aerial view of the factory, looking east along the railway track, shows that building across the track from the Willys plant. If you look closely you can also see the clerestory windows which are being washed in the photo above.
The 1957 aerial view by Norman C. Hauger is from The Parkway Plant From the Air on CJ3B.info.
A hand-retouched photo from The Jeep in Industry appears to be the same demo, but has the Jeep in a slightly different position. Looks like the hosemen are moving around, washing the windows on all the surrounding buildings.
A different small photo appears in the booklet Willys-Overland Export Corporation Special Vehicles (60K JPEG).
Art and Darlene Gloss' Jeep Fire Engine must be one of the first with the later style of overhead rack and enclosed rear storage found on most of the 2A's converted by Boyer Fire Apparatus and Howe Fire Apparatus. It's a 1945 CJ-2A which was apparently converted by Howe in 1947 and repainted from Harvest Tan. It's seen here in 2014 in a photo by Bob Christy, complete with its water trailer.
Another item from Thomas Engle's collection is this beautiful hand-tinted but undated postcard of a CJ-2A at Wheeling Downs racetrack in West Virginia. Photo by Wever-Turfoto, printed by Tichnor Bros, Boston. The caption reads, "Modern Fire Truck Minimizes Fire Hazard, Wheeling Downs, Wheeling, W.Va."
See also a photo of a similar Jeep at Aqueduct Race Track, in Fire Jeeps in New York City
A 1948 newsletter called Jeepers News Review (70K JPEG) from the Willys dealer in Vancouver BC, includes a small news item from Auburn CA, titled Jeep Fire Engine Wins Acclaim (70K JPEG).
Thanks to Thomas Engle, John McClenathen, Gary Urbanowicz, Steve Hagy, Rodger Birchfield and Bill Norris. -- Derek Redmond
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