A series of cross-country rallies for race-equipped CJ-3Bs? This was the annual "Jeep Cross" circuit, organized in Spain in the 1970's and 80's by Motor Iberica, parent company of Jeep manufacturer EBRO. The overall winning team took home the "Cup of Spain."
This photo was taken at the Gran Cross Rally of Catalunya in 1980, the year the Jeep Cross name was officially changed to "Gran Cross" and the vehicles were split into two divisions based on engine size, because of the dominance of the EBRO Comandos over the CJ-3B Bravos the previous year.
According to the full April 1980 report on the race in Spanish (250K JPEG), there were typically 16 to 20 Jeeps in a race. This one ran between Girona and La Bisbal, a distance of about 8km (5 miles) as the crow flies across the mountains, but the actual length of the course is not given.
This Bravo carries ads for a number of sponsors, including front mud flaps advertising Iresa, the Spanish company manufacturing exhaust manifolds and other aftermarket racing equipment. The date and location of this photo is unknown.
Along with EBRO, the huge oil and gas company Repsol was a principal sponsor of the Jeep Cross series. Most of the Jeeps lined up here at Girona advertise sponsorship by Repsol.
The cover of a Jeep Cross rule book advertises the "Copa de España" or "Cup of Spain", as well as "Motor Iberica Grand Prize" and the "Repsol Trophy." Another sketch from the booklet (30K GIF) shows a Jeep carrying the Repsol name and logo on its bumper, hood and body.
The cover of the rule book shows a driver in an apparently stock Jeep, restrained only by a lap belt, but this diagram of required and recommended safety equipment from the same book, includes bucket seats, shoulder harnesses, 6-point roll cage and safety mesh all around.
An October 1979 article (200K JPEG) from Velocidad magazine, reported the results of the Jeep Cross of Aragon, held in Huesca. The text in Spanish predicts an exciting final race of the series in Madrid in November 1979. After a victory by the team of Prieto and Antón in an EBRO Comando in Huesca, and a crash by favorites Juvanteny and Reixach in their Bravo CJ-3B, the winner of the 1979 Cup of Spain would not be decided until Madrid.
Photos in a late-1970's EBRO brochure show a Jeep Ebro Bravo marked as entry number 5 in the first Jeep Cross. The Jeep has a roll bar, which by the late 1970's was standard equipment, but apparently no special equipment.
The cover photo on the brochure captures Jeep 5 flying down a dirt road, and the driver's hair flying in the breeze. This photo became well-known after appearing in Auto Aventura magazine, and becoming one of the first photos in "Jeeps Around the World" on CJ3B.info.
The EBRO Bravo was powered by the Barreiros diesel (110K JPEG) and had the fuel tank under the passenger rather than the driver's seat.
This photo found by Jaime Gomis shows an EBRO Comando, and CJ-3B Bravos with full cages and some with the windshields replaced; these are pretty clearly full-time racing vehicles.
Another photo shows one of the same Jeeps in action, on a rocky section of the Huesca course in front of a big crowd enjoying the action.
Comparing this photo with one taken at the same location in the Velocidad article (200K JPEG) indicates they both date from 1979. Comparing it with another 1979 article (250K JPEG) confirms that this CJ-3B is the Bravo driven by the team of García and Sañudo
EBRO apparently put its experience with the Jeep Cross to further use. When they entered a rally called "Expedicion Africa 2000" they mounted some more aggressive tires. (Why this race was tagged "2000" is not clear, since the photo appeared in the same late-1970's EBRO brochure.)
The Jeep Cross was not the only off-road Jeep racing in Spain. This long-wheelbase Bravo L is seen in a 1985 article (200K JPEG) from the magazine Auto Sport Hebdo describing the "Todo Terreno Montes de Cuenca" (Cuenca Mountains All-Terrain) off-road rally which as of 2010 is still held, with a variety of specially-prepared vehicles.
Thanks to Josep Bordas, Jaime Gomis and Ricardo Suárez. Also to 1000 Lagos for clippings. -- Derek Redmond
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